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离不开太阳的鱼

我在我的纬度上,却做着候鸟的梦……

 
 
 

日志

 
 

【引用】2011年普通高等学校招生全国二卷英语试题  

2011-06-11 18:55:39|  分类: 默认分类 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

  下载LOFTER 我的照片书  |
本文转载自艺伟精英教育研究中心《2011年普通高等学校招生全国二卷英语试题》

201 1年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试

 

       第一节语音知识(5小题;每小题1分,满分5)

ABCD四个选项中,找出其划线部分与所给单词的划线部分读音相同的选项,

  例:have

    Agave    Bsave    Chat        Dmade

     答案是C

  1cushion

    Abutton    Bbutcher    Cbury      Dduty

  2country

    Aannounce    Bcough    Cencourage     Dshoulder

  3pillow

    Aflower    Ballow    Cknowledge        Dfollow

  4reach

    Abreathe    Breally    Cpleasure       Dheaven

  5Christmas

Ahandkerchief    Bteacher      Cache         Dmerchant

第二节语法和词汇知识(15小题;每小题1分,满分15)

ABCD四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

 例:It is generally considered unwise to give a child ______ he or she wants

    Ahowever    Bwhatever   Cwhichever     Dwhenever

    答案是B

  6----- Did you forget about my birthday?

     ----- ___________ I've booked a table at Michel’s restaurant for this evening

    AWhat then?    BI’m afraid so    CHow could I?        DFor sure

  7Ted came for the weekend wearing only some shorts and a T-shirt______ is a stupid thing to do in such weather

    Athis    Bthat    Cwhat   Dwhich

  8If you ______ smokeplease go outside

    Acan    Bshould    Cmust       Dmay

  9If you don’t like the drink you ______just leave it and try a different one

    Aordered    Bare ordering    Cwill order      Dhad ordered

  10Mary, I ______ John of his promise to help you

    Atold    Breminded    Cwarned        Dadvised

  11I got this bicycle for ______My friend gave it to me when she bought a new one

    Aeverything    Bsomething    Canything    Dnothing

  12It is one thing to enjoy listening to good musicbut it is ______ another to play it well yourself

    Aquite    Bvery    Crather        Dmuch

  13Jane won’t join us for dinner tonight and ______

    Aneither won’t Tom    BTom won’t either    CTom will too    DSo will Tom

  14This shop will be closed for repairs ______ further notice

    Awith    Buntil    Cfor    Dat

  15The island______ to the mainland by a bridgeis easy to go to

    Ajoining    Bto join    Cjoined     Dhaving joined

  16As he reached ______ front doorJack saw ______ strange sight

    Athe;不填    Bathe    C.不填;a      Dthea

  17Mr. Stevenson is great to work forI really couldn’t ask for a ______ boss

    Abetter    Bgood    Cbest     Dstill better

  18Sarah pretended to be cheerful______ nothing about the argument

    Asays    Bsaid    Cto say    Dsaying

  19It was a nice meal______ a little expensive

    Athough    Bwhether     Cas      Dsince

  20----- So you gave her your phone?

      ----- ______she said she’d return it to me when she could afford her own

    AMy pleasure    BNot exactly    CNo doubt    DAll right

    第三节完形填空(20小题;每小题15分,满分30)

    阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(ABCD)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

There are times when people are so tired that they fall asleep almost anywhereWe can see there is a lot of sleeping on the bus or train on the  21  home from work in the eveningsA man will be  22  the newspaper, and seconds later it  23  as if he is trying to  24  itOr he will fall asleep on the shoulder of the stranger  25 next to him 26  place where unplanned short sleep  27  is in the lecture hall where a student will start snoring(打鼾) so  28  that the professor has to ask another student to  29  the sleeper awakeA more   embarrassing(尴尬) situation occurs when a student starts falling into sleep and the  30  of the head pushes the arm off the  31 and the movement carries the  32  of the body alongThe student wakes up on the floor with no  33  of getting thereThe worst time to fall asleep is when  34 Police reports are full of  35  that occur when people fall into sleep and go  36  the roadIf the drivers are  37 they are not seriously hurtOne woman’s car,  38 went into the riverShe woke up in four feet of  39  and thought it was rainingWhen    people are really  40 nothing will stop them from falling asleepno matter where they are

21.  Away         Btrack         Cpath           Droad

22Abuying       Bfolding        Cdelivering      Dreading

23Aacts    Bshows    Cappears   Dsounds

24Aopen    Beat    Cfind     Dfinish

25A1ying    Bwaiting    Ctalking   Dsitting

26ANext    BEvery    CAnother   DOne

27Agoes on    Bends up    Clasts     Dreturns

28Abravely    Bhappily    Cloudly    Dcarelessly

29A1eave    Bshake    Ckeep     Dwatch

30Asize    Bshape    Cweight      Dstrength

31Acushion    Bdesk    Cshoulder     Dbook

32Aaction    Bposition    Crest      Dside

33Amemory    Breason    Cquestion    Dpurpose

34Athinking    Bworking    Cwalking    Ddriving

35Achanges    Bevents    Cideas      Daccidents

36Aup    Boff    Calong      Ddown

37Alucky    Bawake    Ccalm    Dstrong

38Ain time    Bat first    Cas usual     Dfor example

39Adust    Bwater    Cgrass       Dbush

40Atired    Bdrunk    Clonely     D1azy

第二部分阅读理解(25小题。第一节每小题2分,第二节每小题1分;满分45)

第一节  阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(ABCD)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

A

  Since 1984Philadelphia has been cleaning up its actOne by onegraffiticovered walls are being changed into outdoor artSo far, more than 1,800 murals(壁画) have been paintedPhiladelphia now has more murals than any other American city

  The walls that were once ugly with graffiti(涂鸦) are now covered with beautiful pictures of historical heroes and modem artthanks to the Mural Arts Program (MAP)Its work makes schools and public places attractiveand its citizens very proudThe program began as part of Philadelphia’s Anti-Graffiti NetworkJane Golden is the MAP’s artistic director.“When people ask me what our program is about,she says,“I answer them with one wordhope” Each year, the MAP offers youth art programs and workshopsSome one-time graffiti writers even help paint MAP murals

  The MAP’s worksays Goldenis all about developing a sense of community(社区)When a neighborhood requests a muralthe MAP works with the people there to develop a messageSome messages have beenSafe StreetsLove and Care” andPeace Walk

  The MAP receives up to 50 requests for murals each weekLast year, the workers painted 140 murals

  ‘‘The making of a mural enters people’s collective memory as an extraordinary, pleasant moment in neighborhood history,” says Goldenwho began as a muralist in Los Angeles

41What can be the best title for the text?

  ALovefrom Graffiti Writers to Muralists     BMAP, a New Company in Philadelphia

  CJanean Excellent Mural Artist            DHopeOne Wall at a Time

42What is the Mural Arts Program in Philadelphia aimed at?

  AHelping the young find jobs        BProtecting the neighborhood 

  CFighting against graffiti            DAttracting more visitors

43How does the MAP decide on the message for a mural?

  ABy having discussions with people in the community

  BBy seeking advice from the city government

  CBy learning from the young graffiti writers     DBy studying the history of the city

44Which of the following words best describes the work of the MAP?

  ADifficult    BDangerous    CExperimentalDSuccessful

B

    For those who study the development of intelligence(智力)in the animal world, self-awareness is an important measurementAn animal that is aware(意识) of itself has a high level of intelligence

    Awareness Can be tested by studying whether the animal recognizes itself in the mirror, that is its own reflected image(反射出的影像)Many animals fail this exercise bitterly, paying very little attention to the reflected imageOnly humansand some intelligent animals like apes and dolphinshave been shown to recognize that the image in the mirror is of themselves

    Now another animal has joined the clubIn the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciencesresearchers report that an Asian elephant has passed the mirror self-reflection test.“We thought that elephants were the next important animal” said Diana Reiss of the Wildlife Conservation Society, an author of the study with Joshua M. Plotnik and Fans B.M. de Waal of Emory UniversityWith their large brainsReiss saidelephantsseemed like cousins to apes and dolphins

    The researchers tested Happy, Maxine and Patty, three elephants at the Bronx ZooThey put an 8-foot-square mirror on a wall of the animals’ play area (out of the sight of zoo visitors) and recorded what happened with camerasincluding one built in the mirror

    The elephants used their long noses to find what Was behind itand to examine parts of their bodies

    Of the threeHappy then passed the testin which a clear mark Was painted on one side of her faceShe could tell the mark Was there by looking in the mirror, and she used the mirror to touch the mark with her long nose

    Diana Reiss said,“We knew elephants were intelligentbut now we can talk about their intelligence in a better way

45What can mirror tests tell us about animals?

  AWhether they have large brains             BWhether they have self-awareness

  CWhether they enjoy outdoor exercises        DWhether they enjoy playing with mirrors

46Why does the author mention apes and dolphins in the text?

    AThey are most familiar to readers       BThey are big favorites with zoo visitors

    CThey are included in the study by Reiss  DThey are already known to be intelligent

47What made Happy different from Maxine and Patty?

    AShe used her nose to search behind the mirror   BShe recognized her own image in the mirror.

    CShe painted a mark on her own face           DShe found the hidden camera

C

Student Membership-Cambridge Arts Cinema

    Cambridge Arts Cinema is one of the art houses in Britain and home of the internationally celebrated Cambridge Film FestivalSince 1947 generations of students have discovered the wealth of world cinemaNow you too can make the most of it and save money

 At the arts you can……

·choose from up to 40 films a month

·see up to 8 premieres(首映) each month

·catch screenings when you likewe open early and close late

·increase your knowledge of film with our special events—each year we run seasons on various types of films and directors

·meet the film makers

What you get as a member

·invitation to a preview screening(试映)

·1 off the standard prices (4.503.50) for any screening including special events

·your own copy of each cinema programme mailed free of charge

· a card with your own membership number 50 off membership to the Cambridge Darkroom Gallery

So what are you waiting for? Just fill in the form and return it either in person or by post to

 

 

 

Box Office

Cambridge Arts Cinema

8 Market Passage

Cambridge CN2 3PF

 

 

It costs15 to join and your card can be used from 1st October 2011 to 30th June 2012

 

 

Cinema Information01 223 572929 (24hr)

Box Office01 223 504444

48Which of the following is the most famous event held at Cambridge Arts Cinema?

AThe Cambridge Film Festival            BMeetings with filmmakers

CThe preview screening                 DMonthly premieres

49If you’re a member of Cambridge Arts Cinemayou will enjoy free ________

ADarkroom Gallery shows   Bmailed programmes   Cspecial film events     Dfilm shows

50How long will the membership for Cambridge Arts Cinema last?

  AFour months        BEight months        CNine months        DOne year

51For what purpose is the text written?

AOffering students cheaper tickets               BAnnouncing the opening of a premiere

CTelling the public of the cinema’s address        DIncreasing the cinema’s membership

D

The way we do things round here

    Some years agoI Was hired by all American bankI received a letter from the head of the Personnel Department that started,“Dear JohnI am quite pleased that you have decided to join US” That “quite” saddened meI thought he Was sayingwe’re kind of pleased you decided to join US although I wish we had hired someone else” Then I discovered that in American Englishquite” sometimes meansvery”,while in British English it means “fairly”

  So the first lesson about working in other countries is to learn the language and by that I don’t just mean the words people speakIt is body languagedressmannersideas and so onThe way people do things highlights many of the differences we see between cultures(文化)

  Some of these differences may be only on the surfacedressfood and hours of workwhile others may be deeper and take longer to deal withMostly, it is just a question of getting used to the differences and accepting them, like the climate(气候)while getting on with business

  Some of the differences may be an improvementPeople are more politethe service is betteryou ask for something to be done and it happens without having to ask againHowever, other differences can be troublinglike punctuality(准时)If you invite people to a party at 7 o’clock your guests will consider it polite to turn up  exactly on time in Germany, five minutes early in the American Midwest, an hour early in Japan15 minutes afterwards in the UK up to an hour afterwards in Italy and some time in the evening in GreeceI prefer not to use the word late” because there is nothing wrong with the times people arriveIt is simply the accepted thing to do  in their own country

52The author was unhappy as mentioned in Paragraph 1 because he thought __________

  Athe American bank didn’t think much of him      Bthe American bank might hire another person

  Cit’s difficult to get used to American culture       Dit’s easy to misunderstand Americans

53The wordhighlightsin Paragraph 2 probably means __________

  Aencourages        Bhelps to narrow       Cincreases       Ddraws attention to

54According to the author, what should we do with most cultural differences?

  AAsk the native people for help               BUnderstand and accept them

  CDo things in our own way                   DDo in depth research

55When invited to a party the people who are usually punctual are __________

  AItalians             BGermans               CGreeks             Dthe British

E

  I didn’t hear them call my name,”explained Shelley Hennig to Active Teens (AT) as she talked about that exciting moment on national television when she won the honor of Miss Teen USA 2004

Are you ready?is what she heardThen she said, “I shook my head noand then they said “yes” and it was announced again.”

  It was four days after that life changing moment for the seventeen-year-old high school student from DestrehanLouisianashe was still on cloud nine

  “I was so shocked! I never believed that it could actually really happen.”Present in the audience(观众) that day wereher mother and fatherolder brotherher friendsand her dance teacher

  Understanding why members of her family and her friends would be thereAT asked why her dance teacher had traveled so far to see her compete(比赛):“She’s always been my role modelI've danced with her since I was sixShe’s been through so many difficulties and came through them allI've learned to get over bad life’s experiences and learned how to move on because of her

  One of those bad life’s experiences for Shelley happened three years ago when her brother Brad was killed in a drunk driving accidentHe was 18She found writing helped her get through the rough daysShe said. “I write a lot about my brotherI write a lota lota lot

  As Miss Louisiana Teenshe traveled around the state speaking to teens (青少年) about the dangers of drinking and drivingIn her role as Miss Teen USAShelley will continue to speak to youth about safe drivingin addition to many other things to help the youth

  When AT asked Miss Teen USA if she had any advice for our readersshe said,“Don’t let anyone change youHang out with people that make you feel good about yourselfThat wayit is easy to be yourself

56What do the wordson cloud nine” in Paragraph 2 probably mean?

  Afrightened    Btroubled    Cvery happy       Dvery angry

57Shelley takes her dance teacher as a role model mainly because she is __________

  Adetermined       Bfriendly         Cstrict          Dexperienced

58How many children did the Hennigs have according to the text?

  A1        B2           C3              D4

59What did Shelley often do after she became Miss Louisiana Teen?

  AShe visited drunken drivers                    BShe gave dance performances

  CShe made speeches on safe driving              DShe helped other teens with their studies

60What suggestion does Shelley give to the teens?

  ABe yourself with the support of Mends     BMeet friends whenever possible

  CGo easy on yourself and others           DHave a good role model

第二节根据对话内容,从对话后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。

  ----- Excuse mehave you been waiting long?

  ----- About ten minutes

  -----  61          

  ----- Not while I've been standing hereI’m waiting for the number seven myself

  ----- GoodHot today, isn’t it?

  ----- Yesit is  62     

  ----- Me tooThis is unusual for MarchI don’t remember it ever being so hot and dry in March before

  ----- You’re from Florida then

  ----- Not really   63       

  ----- My mother and I have just moved here from Indiana

  ----- Pretty cold in Indianaisn’t it?

  ----- YesThat’s why we movedBut we didn’t know that it would be so hot hereWe should have gone to California    64          

  ----- NoIt’s always a little lateDo you have the time? My watch has stopped working

  -----  65          

  ----- Don’t worryIt never comes exactly on the half hour like it should

  AI wish that it would rain and cool off

  BDo you think that we’ve missed the bus?

  CNoit is always quite cool here in summer

  DIt is twenty to one by my watchbut it is a little fast

  EDid you notice whether the number seven bus has gone by?

  FI Was born in New Yorkbut I've lived here for ten years now

  GI have been waiting here for half an hour and still haven’t seen the bus

第二卷

注意事项:

  0.5毫米的黑色字迹签字笔在答题卡上作答。

    第三部分写作(共三节,满分55)

    第一节单词拼写(10小题;每小题1分,满分10)

    粮据下列句子及所给汉语注释,在答题卡对应位置上写出空缺处各单词的正确形式。

    (每空只写一词)   

 66We’re taking our vacation in _____________ (七月)                    

67You can get even better deals if you are prepared to _____________ (讨价还价)  

68The cards had been _____________ (卡住) through the letterbox     

69Smith went to Chicago for _____________ (技术) training                   

70Bob is six feet in _____________ (身高)                              

71You’ll _____________ (逐渐) get better at itit's just a question of practice 

72He put the rubbish into the _____________ (塑料) bag and took it downstairs  

73He _____________ (道歉) publicly for his mistake the day before yesterday     

74Tall people like rooms with high _____________ (天花板)                 

75Eve was cutting the grassand _____________ (同时) Les was planting roses 

    第二节短文改错(10小题;每小题15分,满分15)

    此题要求改正所给短文中的错误。对标有题号的每一行作出判断:如无错误,在该行右边横线上画一个勾(4):如有错误(每行只有一个错误),则按下列情况改正:

    此行多一个词:把多余的词用斜线()划掉,在该行右边横线上写出该词,并也用斜线划掉。

    此行缺一个词:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(),在该行右边横线上写出该加的词。

    此行错一个词:在错的词下划一横线,在该行右边横线上写出改正后的词。

注意:原行没有错的不要改。

Dear George

It’s been a week after we left your family and we are now           76_____________

back homeThank you very much for showing them around        77_____________

your city and providing us for the wonderful mealsAfter          78_____________

we said goodbye to youwe went to Washington D.C.           79_____________

where we stayed for three daysMy brother was so much fond      80_____________

of the museums there that he begged my parents to staying          81_____________  

another couple of dayHowever my father had to return to         82_____________  

work on Monday so we fly back last Saturday afternoonIt         83_____________

was really a nice experienceIf you’d like to make trip to          84_____________

our city some day, I will be better than happy to be your guide     85_____________

Yours

Mike

第三节书面表达(满分30)

假定你是李华,你所喜爱的Global Mirror周报创刊五周年之际征集读者意见。请你依据以下内容给主编写封信,内容主要包括:

1.说明你是该报的忠实读者

2.赞赏该报优点:    1)兼顾国内外新闻                2)介绍名人成功故事

3.提出建议:刊登指导英语学习的文章

注意:1.词数100左右,开头语已为你写好;     2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。

Dear Editor-in-Chief,

Congratulations on the 5th anniversary of Global Mirror!

                                                                                       ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

 Sincerely yours

 Li Hua

2011年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试

    英语参考答案和评分参考

    第一部分:

    1B    2C    3D 4A    5C

    6C    7D 8C    9A    10B

    11D    12A    13B    14B    15C

    16D    17A    18D        19A    20B

    21A    22D    23C    24B    25D

    26C    27A    28C    29B    30C

    31B    32C    33A    34D    35D

    36B    37A    38D    39B    40A

    第二部分:   

    41D    42C    43A    44D 45B

    46D    47B    48A 49B    50C

    51D    52A    53D    54B    55B

    56C    57A    58C    59C    60A

    61E    62A    63F    64B    65D

    第三部分:

    第一节:

    66July    67bargain    68stuck    69technical

    70height    71gradually    72plastic    73apologized

    74ceilings    75meanwhilemeantime

第二节:

  Dear George

  It’s been a week after we left your family and we are now               76___since _____

  Back homeThank you very much for showing them around            77____us_______

  your city and providing us for the wonderful mealsAfter              78___with______

  we said goodbye to youwe went to Washington D.C.               79___   _____

  where we stayed for three daysMy brother was so much fond          80____much_____

  of the museums there that he begged my parents to staying              81____stay  ____

  another couple of dayHowever, my father had to return to             82____days  ____

  work on Monday so we fly back last Saturday afternoonIt             83____flew_ ___

  was really a nice experienceIf you’d like to make trip to           84______a______

  our city someday, I will be better than happy to be your guide          85____more_____

  Yours

  Mike

第三节:

一、评分原则

    1.本题总分为30分,按5个档次给分。

    2.评分时,先根椐文章的内容和语言初步确定其所属档次,然后以该档次的要求来

    衡量,确定或调整档次,最后给分。

    3.词数少于80和多于120的,从总分中减去2分。

    4.评分时应注意的主要内容为:内容要点、应用词汇和语法结构的丰富性和准确性

    及上下文的连贯性。

    5.拼写与标点符号是语言准确性的一个方面。评分时,应视其对交际的影响程度予

    以考虑。英、美拼写及词汇用法均可接受。

    6.如书写较差,以至影响交际,将分数降低一个档次。

二、内容要点

    1.说明你是该报的忠实读者;

    2.赞赏该报优点:兼顾国内外新闻,介绍名人成功故事:

    3.提出建议:刊登指导英语学习的文章;

    4.合适的结尾。

三、各档次的给分范围和要求

第五档:(2530)

    完全完成了试题规定的任务。

    一覆盖所有内容要点。

    一应用了较多的语法结构和词汇。

    一语法结构或词汇方面有些许错误,但为尽力使用较复杂结构或较高级词汇所致。

    一有效地使用了语句间的连接成分,使全文结构紧凑。

    完全达到了预期的写作目的。   

第四档:(1924)

    完成了试题规定的任务。

    一虽漏掉一两个次重点,但覆盖所有主要内容。

    一应用的语法结构和词汇能满足任务的要求。

    一语法结构或词汇方面应用基本准确,些许错误主要是因尝试较复杂语法结构或词

    汇所致。

    一应用简单的语句间的连接成分,使全文结构紧凑。

    达到了预期的写作目的。

第三档:(1318)   

    基本完成了试题规定的任务。

    一虽漏掉一些内容,但覆盖所有主要内容。

    一应用的语法结构和词汇能满足任务的要求。

    一有一些语法结构或词汇方面的错误,但不影响理解。

    一应用简单的语句间连接成分,使全文内容连贯。

    整体而言,基本达到了预期的写作目的。

第二档:(712)

    未恰当完成试题规定的任务。   

    一漏掉或未描述清楚一些主要内容,写了一些无关内容。

    一语法结构单调,词汇知识有限。

    一有一些语法结构或词汇方面的错误,影响了对写作内容的理解。

    一较少使用语句间的连接成分,内容缺少连贯性。

    信息未能清楚地传达给读者。

第一档:(1"--'6)

    未完成试题规定的任务。

    一明显遗漏主要内容,写了一些无关内容,原因可能是未理解试题要求。

    一语法结构单调,词汇知识有限。

    一较多语法结构或词汇方面的错误,影响对写作内容的理解。

    一缺乏语句间的连接成分,内容不连贯。

    信息未能传达给读者。

0

    未能传达给读者任何信息:内容太少,无法评判;写的内容均与所要求内容无关或所

    写内容无法看清。

四、说明

    1.内容要点可用不同方式表达。

    2.应紧扣主题,可适当发挥。

五、One Possible Version

Dear Editor-in-Chief,

Congratulations on the 5th anniversary of Global Mirror!

  I’m a regular reader of your newspaperI like it very much mainly for the following two reasonsFirst, it covers both national and international news SO thatby simply turning the pagesI can learn all important things that have happened during the weekEqually attractive are the success stories of world-famous peoplewhich help me understand how a person Can work hard to make the world a better place

  As a young studentI suggest that Global Mirror carry articles to guide US in our English learningand I hope that it will become even more popular

Sincerely yours

LiHua

 

 

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